Private LTE Networks


The advent of 4G LTE networks proved the use case for high-speed, low latency wireless connections when it debuted a decade ago. HDTV on mobile devices, high–quality video calls, fast mobile browsing, were some of the revolutionary improvements 4G provided that we now take for granted. Until recently, LTE networks were expensive and therefore only deployed and operated by national mobile network operators such as AT&T, Verizon and T- Mobile.

The new availability of Citizens Broadband Radio System (CBRS), shared spectrum in the mid-band 3.5 GHz (3550-3700 MHz) range, lower user device cost and the ability to have the enhanced packet core hosted in the cloud bring the network cost within range of private and public entities.

Private LTE

Private networks can be custom designed to suit the specific needs of an organization such as a commercial enterprise or a local government. Private LTE networks will provide higher quality mobile connectivity than Wi-Fi, and creates a much more extensive ecosystem of technology suppliers, system integrators and service providers than other wireless solutions. In a Private LTE Network, the user devices also have the ability to roam seamlessly onto commercial cellular mobile networks. Utilizing LTE, enterprises and governmental agencies can leverage cost effective private networks to solve their mission or business-critical connectivity problems.

Benefits of Private LTE

Private LTE networks support new levels of connectivity, efficiency and productivity for the organizations that deploy them. They are ideally suited for campuses (corporate, education, healthcare) and industrial IOT markets (agriculture, mines, oilfields, utilities, ports/airports, manufacturing).

Spectrum Access

Access to spectrum is critical for a private LTE network. In 2015, the FCC adopted rules for shared commercial use of the 3550-3700 MHz band (3.5 GHz band). The Commission established the Citizens Broadband RadioService (CBRS) to advance Private LTE deployment using publicly available spectrum at no cost on a first come first serve basis.

Kinetx Prime | Private LTE Solutions

Kinetx Prime brings a cadre of telecom industry professionals with years of experience at solving connectivity challenges for carriers, municipalities and private entities. Members of the team were among the first to successfully deploy a public safety broadband network and followed on to build state-of-the-art networks in thirty-six US cities ranging in size from small towns like Elko, Nevada to New York City. These networks were supported by backhaul architectures ranging from copper to multi- gigabit Ethernet all designed and deployed by members of the Kinetx Prime team.

Our Kinetx Prime management team also represents a combined total of fifty-plus years in the neutral host world providing executive, technical, project management and installation expertise. Our people have handled complex negotiations with carriers, municipalities and utilities for attachment agreements, ROW placement and authorizations and entitlements compliance. Services include in-depth proficiency on aesthetically pleasing solutions that will gain approval from jurisdictional planning authorities and city councils.

The Kinetx Prime Team applies these skills and experience to innovative cost-effective Private LTE solutions to enterprise and government entities.

Private LTE – Using the CBRS Spectrum

The Citizens Broadband Radio Service Band (CBRS or Band48) is a three-tiered spectrum set aside for authorized public and private use.

The spectrum use is broken down in three license tiers:

1. Incumbents

a. Incumbent Access users include authorized federal users in the 3550-3700 MHz band, Fixed Satellite Service (space-to-Earth) earth stations in the 3600-3650 MHz band, and, for a finite period, grandfathered wireless broadband licensees in the 3650-3700 MHz band. Incumbent Access users receive protection against harmful interference from Priority Access Licensees and General Authorized Access users.

2. Priority Access (PAL)

a. The Priority Access tier consists of Priority Access Licenses (PALs) that will be licensed on a county-by-county basis through competitive bidding. Each PAL consists of a 10-megahertz channel within the 3550-3650 MHz band. PALs are 10- year renewable licenses. For purposes of the PAL service, counties are defined using the United States Census Bureau’s 2017 counties. Up to seven PALs may be licensed in any given county, subject to a four PAL channel aggregation cap for any licensee. PALs must meet a substantial performance requirement by the end of the initial license term. PALs must protect and accept interference from Incumbent Access users but receive protection from General Authorized Access users. Technical rules for PALs can be found in Subpart E of Part 96.

3. General Authorized Access (GAA)

The GAA tier is licensed-by-rule to permit open, flexible access to the band for the widest possible group of potential users. GAA users can operate throughout the 3550-3700 MHz band. GAA users must not cause harmful interference to Incumbent Access users or Priority Access Licensees and must accept interference from these users. GAA users also have no expectation of interference protection from other GAA users. Technical rules for GAA users can be found in Subpart E of Part 96.

The use of the spectrum is managed constantly by a Spectrum Access System (SAS) in the cloud and access to the SAS is facilitated by a Certified Professional Installer.

The CPI is required to provision all the devices using the spectrum and will complete all regulatory needs for the installation.

Private LTE-No longer a “carrier-only” prospect

In the past, LTE and cellular networks in general were the domain of multi-billion-dollar firms. This is due to the complexity and costs associated with the infrastructure, radios, communications support systems and what is called the evolved Packet Core. These costs for even a basic system, were in the millions.

Things like Open RAN, decentralization, standardization and the like have all contributed to products like the evolved Packet Core to go from millions to integrated into the radio or a few thousand.

The tower and small cell radios are now much smaller and integrated. No longer do you need a crane and large hut to mount and manage them.

Private LTE – Use Cases

The use cases for Private LTE are many. The anchor application to install a private LTE system may be remote learning, tele-medicine telemetry, first responder communications, but there are huge numbers of applications to leverage and better monetize the network and better the ROI.

The ability to cover large areas with tower or rooftop systems and fill in gaps with small cell poles, affords an opportunity to provide network coverage in areas not previously serviceable. WiFi and other unlicensed spectrum solutions cannot offer the coverage, throughput and reliability available with Private LTE using the CBRS spectrum.

A large campus or small municipal area can be covered effectively with far less investment and radios than earlier technologies.

Kinetx Prime can perform full turnkey, or an ala carte selection of the following services:

  • Site assessment

  • Design

  • Engineering, site acquisition, power, network and customer management

  • Tower, pole and small cell civil work

  • Product selection, Installation and integration

  • Management, monitoring and maintenance of the system

  • End-customer management and billing